The hottest is to improve the standard collection

2022-08-23
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Improve the standard collection rate and speed up the prevention and control of waste lead battery pollution

the Ministry of ecological environment and other nine departments recently jointly issued the action plan for the prevention and control of waste lead battery pollution, which includes the prevention and control of waste lead battery pollution into the battle to fight pollution prevention and control. The package of measures is intended to curb the environmental pollution caused by the illegal disposal of waste lead-acid batteries and promote the orderly development of the waste lead-acid battery industry. Waste lead-acid batteries are composed of 74% lead and its compounds, 20% sulfuric acid and 6% plastic. Recycling lead from waste lead batteries can not only reduce the mining of primary lead ore, but also effectively reduce the environmental risk of lead

although more than 70% of waste lead-acid batteries can be refined and reused, illegal collection and disposal not only fail to achieve the theoretical goal of reuse, but also cause environmental pollution

in the small workshop of waste lead battery processing, an axe and a stove can extract lead. This barbarous way of disassembly and utilization greatly increases the possibility of leakage of lead and lead-containing acid, resulting in pollution and even damage to human health. However, driven by market interests, the "extracorporeal circulation" industrial chain of waste lead batteries composed of individual collectors, illegal renewable lead enterprises, and illegal battery manufacturers is still looming

in fact, cases of environmental pollution caused by illegal disposal of waste lead-acid batteries occur from time to time. Last September, the largest environmental pollution case of lead-acid batteries in Jiangsu Province was prosecuted. It is understood that as of the crime, in less than a year, Chen and others involved in the case illegally purchased and disassembled 18600 tons of waste lead batteries, refined 9349 tons of lead ingots, and the amount involved was more than 100million yuan, with an illegal profit of more than 10 million yuan. After identification, the cost of ecological environment damage treatment needs at least 20million yuan

waste lead-acid batteries have been listed in the national list of hazardous wastes. The measures for the administration of hazardous waste business license stipulates that units engaged in the collection, storage and disposal of hazardous waste within the territory of China must hold a hazardous waste business license. According to insiders, from 2011 to 2014, China carried out the "lead elimination" environmental storm, and the phenomenon of a large number of renewable lead enterprises, small scale and low industrial concentration has been improved. In recent years, with the rise of lead prices, small enterprises and workshops of illegally recycled lead have shown signs of rebound, and "underground production" is more hidden

the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of ecological environment said that due to the difficulty and high cost of the treatment of lead-containing acid, a small number of waste lead-acid batteries use enterprises to purchase "acid pouring" batteries at high prices or buy illegally smelted crude lead, inducing a small number of collectors to illegally disassemble waste lead-acid batteries and dump acid, resulting in environmental pollution. In addition, the illegal regeneration process of waste lead-acid batteries is simple, and small workshops have high liquidity, which also increases the difficulty of supervision

with the large-scale application of lead-acid batteries in the fields of automobiles, electric bicycles and energy storage, China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of lead-acid batteries. In 2017, the output of lead-acid batteries in China exceeded 40% of the world's total output, and the output of waste lead-acid batteries was about 3.8 million tons, of which a large amount flowed into informal treatment channels. It is necessary to establish a standardized waste lead-acid battery collection and treatment system as soon as possible, so as to effectively control the environmental pollution caused by illegal collection and treatment with the best machines, and maintain the national ecological environment security, Protecting the depressed price of the people caused nearly all vanadium enterprises to suffer losses and people's health

the action plan for the prevention and control of waste lead battery pollution proposes to accelerate the prevention and control of waste lead battery pollution, rectify the illegal collection and treatment of environmental pollution, implement the producer extension system, and improve the standard collection and treatment rate of large and all waste lead batteries. By 2020, lead-acid battery manufacturers will achieve a standard collection rate of 40% of waste lead-acid batteries by implementing the producer extension system; By 2025, the standard collection rate of waste lead batteries will reach 70%, and all waste lead batteries collected in the standard will be safely used and disposed

according to this plan, a list of key enterprises such as lead battery production, primary lead and recycled lead should be established by the end of June this year, which should be made public to the public and dynamically updated. From this year, the Ministry of ecological environment and the national development and Reform Commission will include the information of illegal enterprises and personnel related to waste lead-acid batteries into the list of illegal and dishonest enterprises in the field of ecological environment and publicize it. Of course, to achieve the goal that the standard collection rate of waste lead lithium batteries has reached 70% since their commercial utilization, much more needs to be done in the future

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